gulkana glacier retreat
estimating the mass balance of glaciers in the glacier bay area of alaska, usa and british columbia, canada by austin judson johnson recommended: _____ Although their data show a marked retreat in the sizes of the glaciers, changes to Alaska's many glaciers are also visible to the naked eye, O'Neel said. Those changes could contribute to the loss of thousands of glaciers in Alaska and northwest Canada by the end of the century. Click here for the original story. The sq. a –1, contrasting with retreat and mass loss of −0.60 ± 0.15 m w.e. During 1997-2001, Gulkana Glacier showed a continued and accelerated negative mass balance trend, especially below the equilibrium line altitude where thinning was pronounced. 1), an average retreat rate of 36 m per year. • Trends for the three benchmark glaciers are consistent with the retreat of glaciers observed throughout the western United States, Alaska, and … By coordinating with landscape ecologists, biologists and oceanographers, the team is assessing how socio-economically important species like salmon are likely to fare in the warmer Alaska of the future. This is a list of glaciers existing in the United States, currently or in recent centuries.These glaciers are located in nine states, all in the Rocky Mountains or farther west. At Phelan Cr., the decadal-averaged peak annual mean daily runoff increased on average 114 % from 14 (2000-2010) 1), topographic maps made in 1909, Since the 1990s, the retreat of glaciers in Alaska has made a disproportionally large contribution to global sea-level rise. The glaciers and ice fields of Alaska are responsible for nearly 50 percent of the water that flows into the Gulf of Alaska. âThese records are a testament to the hard work of many individuals and an early vision by USGS on the importance of glaciers in the landscape,â said Daniel McGrath, a research geophysicist with the program. The southernmost named glacier among them is the Lilliput Glacier in Tulare County, east of the Central Valley of California. The climate is continental, characterized by a large range in temperatures, and irregular, lighter precipitation as compared to more coastal areas. Reprinted from ClimateWire with permission from Environment & Energy Publishing, LLC. In 1966, a team of U.S. Geological Survey scientists journeyed to two small glaciers in Alaska to dig snow pits needed for measuring snow depth and density at the remote mountainous locations. The Gulkana glacier in Alaska is one of three glaciers considered a benchmark by the U.S. Geological Survey. Information on the retreat of this glacier is quite detailed and comes from Little Ice Age (LIA) terminal and recessional moraines (Fig. of the glaciers included in these airborne surveys is Mendenhall Glacier, a maritime glacier located near Juneau in southeast Alaska (Fig. vary, with some glaciers gaining mass in certain years (for example, Wolverine Glacier during the 1980s), but the measurements clearly indicate a loss of glacier mass over time. Getting There. Meier, MF, Tangborn, W, Mayo, LR and Post, A (1971) Combined ice and water balances of Gulkana and Wolverine glaciers, Alaska, and South Cascade Glacier, Washington, 1965 and 1966 hydrologic years. Gulkana Glacier (lat 63°15' N., long 145°28' W., fig 7) is a branched valley glacier on the south flank of the Alaska Range. View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. “Detailed and continuous records of this length are exceedingly rare in our field, and thus these are indispensable to our understanding of the changes we’re observing across this region.”. Thank you for signing up for the newsletter! The uniform influence of regional climate is demonstrated by strong correlations among annual mass balance and climate data. The 1875 advance again blocked College Creek, and another small ice-dammed lake formed. Since 1875, both glaciers have rapidly thinned and retreated, indicating they have negative … The meltwater has a unique “glacial fingerprint” that is evident in the timing, volume and temperature of the water, as well as the nutrients it carries. The Athabasca Glacier is not alone in its retreat: Since 1960, glaciers around the world have lost an estimated 8,000 cubic kilometers (1,900 cubic miles) of ice. During that time, the Gulkana Glacier has steadily diminished due to significantly warmer summers in interior Alaska and a relatively unchanged level of snowfall. ANCHORAGE, Alaska â This year marks the 50th anniversary of one of the longest continuous glacier research efforts in North America. The top photo shows the Gulkana Glacier in 1967. Today, the federal benchmark glacier program extends beyond Alaska and includes research at the South Cascade Glacier in Washington state and the Sperry Glacier in Montana. That glacier is a coastal system that flows into the Gulf of Alaska. The main trunk of the glacier has a southerly aspect, and is fed by four cirques with west, south, and east aspects. At both locations, the long-term records show that summer warming has resulted in sustained mass loss, noted Shad O’Neel, head of the glacier research program at the USGS Alaska Science Center. In addition to the work in Alaska, the USGS Benchmark Glacier program also includes South Cascade Glacier in Washington State and Sperry Glacier in Montana. During climate changes, coastal glaciers are more sensitive to changes in precipitation (or the storm tracks that bring precipitation), whereas interior glaciers are more sensitive to changes … Predicted summer warming of 2 to 4 degrees C (3.6 to 7.2 degrees F) and a marked decrease in snow accumulation will contribute to the loss of many thousands of glaciers in Alaska and northwest Canada by the end of the century. âDetailed and continuous records of this length are exceedingly rare in our field and thus these are indispensable to our understanding of the changes weâre observing across this region.â. “We had a team of biological oceanographers that went into Kings Bay, which is where Wolverine drains into,” he said. Mar 1, 2012 - Shasta Retreat in Dunsmuir. We thus compiled a glacier database for Alaska and neighboring Canada using multi-sensor satellite data from 2000 to 2011. The Benchmark Glacier data are available atÂ https://www2.usgs.gov/landresources/lcs/glacierstudies/massbaldata.asp, Additional information about the USGS Benchmark Glacier program can be found atÂ Â https://www2.usgs.gov/landresources/lcs/glacierstudies/default.asp, Office of Communications and Publishing12201 Sunrise Valley DriveReston, VA 20192United StatesPhone: 703-648-4460, Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial Data, https://www2.usgs.gov/landresources/lcs/glacierstudies/massbaldata.asp, https://www2.usgs.gov/landresources/lcs/glacierstudies/default.asp. Although the development of regional estimates is relatively new, the detailed and long-term records at the benchmark glaciers reveal an increasing rate of change through the past 50 years. Dashed line is Gulkana Glacier, and dot dash is Wolverine Glacier. Mar 1, 2012 - Shasta Retreat in Dunsmuir. And they’re now modeling how glaciers will respond to future climate scenarios, particularly how coastal glaciers like Wolverine impact the ecosystem along the Gulf of Alaska. Gulkana Glacier is located along the south flank of the eastern Alaska Range. For now, the glacier isn’t surging, but you could say that it’s a pretty light sleeper— it does calve a lot. Wolverine Glacier and South Cascade Glacier are the other two monitoring sites. Travel. âCollectively, Alaskaâs glaciers are shrinking rapidly today. Since the 1990s, the retreat of glaciers in Alaska has made a disproportionally large contribution to global sea-level rise. This is where I spent my summers and winters. Glaciers in continental or interior climates (for example, Gulkana Glacier) exist primarily because cold temperatures result in low ablation. Figure 2 shows trends for three “benchmark” glaciers: South Cascade Glacier in Washington state, Wolverine Glacier near Alaska’s southern coast, and Gulkana Glacier in Alaska’s interior. Since the 1990s, the retreat of glaciers in Alaska has made a disproportionally large contribution to global sea level rise. a −1 at land-terminating Lemon Creek Glacier. Scientific American is part of Springer Nature, which owns or has commercial relations with thousands of scientific publications (many of them can be found at, Amid Ice Melt, New Shipping Lanes Are Drawn Up off Alaska, Arctic Nations May Confront U.S. on Climate Change, Some Disaster Prevention Spending Reaps Higher Rewards, Climate Preparation Report Released by Panel Previously Disbanded by Trump. The program provides data on glacier health in a warming climate. Shaded areas indicate 1σ variability. ft. single-family home is a bed, bath property. This influence also extends to the marine ecosystem, contributing to the rich diversity of species that are important to tourism and fishing industries. This is where I spent my summers and winters. Gulkana Glacier is a glacier filling several valleys in the east-central Alaska Range in the state of Alaska. These data serve as indicators of glacier health and help scientists understand how glaciers respond to a warming climate. E&E provides daily coverage of essential energy and environmental news at www.eenews.net. “How the climate has been changing over the past few decades of anthropogenic influence really has manifest itself quite well” in these studies, O’Neel said. In total, these glaciers are losing 75 billion tons of ice annually, the equivalent of filling 150,000 Yankee Stadiums with water each year. These three glaciers were chosen because they have been studied extensively by the U.S. Geological Survey for … The Gulkana Glacier Trail is a great afternoon hike–about X MILES long—complete with two swinging drawbridges to cross before you reach the glacier. Explore our digital archive back to 1845, including articles by more than 150 Nobel Prize winners. The USGS research has focused on two glaciers that represent two very different Alaska climates — the Gulkana Glacier in the eastern Alaska Range south of Fairbanks and the Wolverine Glacier in the Kenai Mountains on the southern coast of Alaska. According to the USGS, climate change could cause summer temperatures to warm by 3.6 to 7.2 degrees Fahrenheit, and snow accumulation to markedly decrease. Repeat oblique photographs of Wolverine glacier in Alaska. The progression of glacier retreat has been documented using satellite imagery and aerial photos (Key, et al., 2002), repeat photography, and annual GPS mapping of margins and terminus since 2003 by the USGS — CCME glacier monitoring program. “They were able to see a pretty pronounced gradient of both physical and biological composition of what’s living in the bay. That is approximately enough ice to cover a two-kilometer-wide (1.2 mile-wide) swath of land between New York and Los Angeles with an ice sheet that is one kilometer … U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 715-A, 23 . Gulkana drains west into the Yukon River. Since the 1990s, the retreat of glaciers in Alaska has made a disproportionally large contribution to global sea level rise. Mar 1, 2012 - Shasta Retreat in Dunsmuir. Climate Change in Mountain Ecosystems (CCME) Glacier Monitoring Studies: A systematic approach to monitoring changes in Glacier National Park’s namesake glaciers and to determine the causes of changes, assess their ecological and hydrological effects, and predict future changes and effects.. Glacier Retreat: An overview of CCME's research pertaining to glacial recession in Glacier … View on Map Coordinates Latitude: 63.184179 Longitude: -145.541555. A glacier retreats when its terminus does not extend as far downvalley as it previously did. Tidewater Taku Glacier advanced and gained mass at an average rate of +0.25 ± 0.28 m w.e. Gulkana Glacier is one of three detailed long-term glacier monitoring sites run by the USGS in a study on climate change and glacier-related hydrologic processes. The glacier has retreated 530 m since 19S4 and about 2 km since 1910 (Reger, 1964, pl. The face is up to 400 feet tall, and icebergs 3 to 4 stories in height aren’t uncommon. Long-term records from Wolverine and Gulkana glaciers show that summer warming has resulted in sustained mass loss. Those early findings, repeated twice a year for the last 50 years, became the baseline for the government’s Benchmark Glacier program, the longest continuous glacier research in North America. The melting of glaciers depends on a variety of factors, the most important of which is the amount of solar radiation hitting the ice. To study those impacts, the glaciologists are teaming up with ecologists, oceanographers, biologists and botanists to assess how socio-economically important species like salmon are likely to fare in the warmer Alaska of the future. Â 1967, Unknown USGS photographer.Â 2016, L. Sass,Â USGS.Public domain. It also influences the rich diversity of species in the marine ecosystem that are important to tourism and fishing industries. This home was built in and last sold on for. The glacier held that position until 1980, when it began a rapid retreat that continues today. The USGS reports that the state’s glaciers are losing 75 billion tons of ice annually, equal to the amount of water needed to fill Yankee Stadium 150,000 times each year. Gulkana Glacier, Alaska—Mass Balance, Meteorology, and Water Measurements, 1997–2001 Scientific Investigations Report 2011–5046 U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey. Experts say those glaciers are influenced by different climates, allowing scientists to compare how glaciers respond in different regions. Horizontal box plots show the distribution of interval lengths, including the median (black), interquartile range (box size), and 5–95 percentiles of the intervals. Although their data show a marked retreat in the size of glaciers, changes to Alaska's many glaciers are visible to the naked eye, O'Neel said. USGS estimates that Alaska’s glaciers and ice fields are responsible for nearly 50 percent of the water that flows into the Gulf of Alaska. Gulkana glacier Ln , Martinsburg, WV 25403 is currently not for sale. “We’re trying to quantify the water flow, the water chemistry and then the vegetation that’s in the basin, the species that are there, all the way from the glacier terminus down to the ocean,” O’Neel explained. The mean ELA is … To accomplish this work, USGS scientists travel to Wolverine and Gulkana glaciers twice a year to make observations of snow accumulation and snow/ice melt that allow them to calculate the health of the glaciers.